Step 1: Digging the Hole
There are tons of regulations about how close you’ll put an outhouse to water and to your lot line so ask authorities before choosing your site. Put a stake into the bottom then make a square with three other stakes in order that they create a square that’s three feet by three feet. Using the stakes as a suggestion , dig a hole three feet deep. Keep the edges as straight down as you’ll . attempt to make the opening the maximum amount of a cube as you’ll . If the outhouse goes to urge constant use, dig the opening deeper. Using 4 x 4 posts, make a rectangle that’s eight feet long and 4 feet wide. Lay this in order that the long sides are just beyond the edges of the opening and one short side is simply beyond the side of the opening . Level this rectangle by shoveling away or adding dirt where needed. you would like to stay all the edges of this rectangle above ground level or water run into your hole when it rains and fill it up.
Step 2: Floor
With this size of base, your outhouse are going to be four feet by four feet with a landing precisely the same size ahead of it. Cut a bit of pressure treated 2 x 4 41 inches long and put a cross piece exactly two feet from the rear of the rectangle. There should be a niche of exactly 21 1/2 inches from the within of the rear 4 x 4 base to the side of this cross piece. Then run 2 x 4 joists from this cross piece to the front of the rectangle. they ought to be 16 inch centers. Cut deck boards four feet long and screw them to those joists with deck screws to form the ground of the landing. The landing should end four feet from the front of the bottom . Remember to color end cut on the ends of any board you narrow . Cut a bit of 3/4 inch pressure treated plywood 24 inches by 28 inches. Lay it in order that it makes the ground of the outhouse itself, starting at the cross piece and getting to the decking. confirm it doesn’t extend past the sting of the cross piece as this may create a ledge that would trap undesirable material. Cut strips of the 3/4 inch plywood and screw them to the highest of 4 x 4 base anywhere that’s not already covered by the plywood or the deck boards. this is often in order that once you build the walls, the bottom of the wall are going to be all an equivalent height. Back fill dirt along the 4 x 8 rectangle in order that there are not any gaps where critters could get underneath your floor when the outhouse is completed .
Step 3: Walls and Seat
Build the walls within the usual fashion using top and bottom plates and making the entire height eight feet. Don’t put blocking between the 2 studs on the rear wall. The vent pipe will run up between these two studs. Along the side walls, put a stud exactly 24 3/4 inches from the rear . this is often so you’ll nail the upright piece of the seat thereto . To make the seat, cut a bit of 3/4 inch plywood or other stock 18 x 48 inches. this may be the upright a part of the seat. Nail it onto the stud. you’ll need to notch out rock bottom plate. confirm that the within of this upright piece sits exactly even with the within of the two x 4 underneath it. As I said before, you do not want to make a ledge to catch undesirable material. Cut a bit of sheet 22 x 41 inches and nail it to the within of this upright plywood. this is often so when guys are sitting and happen to pee also, the pee doesn’t hit this upright piece of wood and soak in. For the highest of the seat, put a support that’s one inch thick along the rear wall at 18 inches high to support the highest of the seat. It should not be thicker than one inch because you’ll need to drill holes within the top board for the rest room seat and you would like the space. Put supports on the side walls at 18 inches high also. Use plywood or other stock for the highest of the seat. Now you’ll start the sheeting or boards for the surface of the outhouse. you’ll need something that’s immune to the weather otherwise you will need to paint it regularly or coat it with something. For the corners, run a bit of 1 x 3 board from rock bottom to the highest to hide up the unfinished edge. Cut out a rectangle of about 14 inches by 10 inches on both side walls. Place a bit of nylon screen over the rectangle then use molding to carry the screen in situ . this is often for ventilation.
Step 4: Roof
In this build, I made the overhang on one side of the outhouse longer. this is often because i might be putting a wash station thereon side of the outhouse and wanted protection from the rain while washing up. Make the trusses within the usual fashion with the truss at the front and back of the outhouse lower so you’ll make a ladder for the front and back overhang. As this is often an outhouse, I didn’t bother with soffit and facia or eaves trough. Block the spaces between the trusses at the highest of the wall with pieces of wood and caulking in order that it’s relatively closed off to insects. I had some leftover metal roofing so I used that but shingles work well for the roof. With metal roofing, you do not need to put sheeting on the roof and it’s less susceptible to mildew than shingles.
Step 5: Door
Make a two section door. this enables you a gorgeous view from the throne. (see picture) Make rock bottom portion first. If you wish , you’ll put door jams to hide up the rough 2 x 4 studs on the within of the door but I didn’t. Likewise, you’ll put door stop on the door jam to prevent the door from swinging in but I just added an overlapping piece to the surface of the door to prevent it. Cut plywood or tongue and groove about three feet high by the width of the door opening (typically around 26 inches) minus a few half inch for clearance. Add bracing on the within along the highest and bottom and diagonally across the door. Attach the hinges. Cut plywood or tongue and groove the remainder of the peak of the door for the highest portion. Typically, doors are 80 inches high. Make the highest portion an equivalent way because the bottom portion but add a bit at rock bottom that overlaps rock bottom portion.
Step 6: Vent Pipe and Toilet Seat
The vent pipe should be three to four inches wide. Trace the surface of the vent pipe on the wood seat part right at the rear . Cut the circular hole. Drill a hole all the way through the vent pipe about two inches from rock bottom . Put a six inch spike through the opening in order that it stands proud on either side of the pipe. Slide the vent pipe into the wooden hole. The spike will stop it from sliding all the way down into Hell . If you were to run the pipe directly through the roof, you’d need to cut away the highest plate so cut the pipe below the highest plate then use two elbows to detour the pipe round the plate. The pipe should find yourself around two feet beyond the height of the roof. Toilet seats typically have two plastic bolts at the rear . Line up the rest room seat in order that it’s within the middle of the outhouse and therefore the two bolts will bypass the support you made for the rear underneath the wooden seat. Mark where the bolts are getting to go. Drill the holes and set the seat in situ . With the lid up and therefore the seat down, trace the within of the seat. Remove the rest room seat and cut a hole 1/2 inch bigger than the traced oval. Put the rest room seat back and put the nuts onto the plastic bolts and tighten them snug.
Step 7: Wash Station
Make a platform about 33 inches high and fasten it to the side of the outhouse. Find an old sink and trace the outline of the sink on the highest of the platform. Cut a circle 1/2 inch inside the traced line and suit your sink it. Attach piping to the drain and run it underground to a catchment area or use a French trench. A French trench may be a trench crammed with rocks in order that the water drains away and therefore the ground remains even. Make another platform right beside the primary one but 10 inches higher. Buy an oblong pail, a faucet with a threaded pipe, two thin nuts that fit on the pipe and a few silicon. Cut a hole within the front wall of the pail near rock bottom . you cannot put it right at rock bottom because you would like some clearance for the within nut. Put the primary nut on the pipe thread as far because it will go. Put silicon on the within and out of doors of the opening and push the pipe in order that the nut is snug against the pail. Put the second nut on from the within and tighten it until the tap is firm.