Saving Space And Make A Foldable Bed


Material used

For the construction of this bed, I use the following material.

1. 1″ square pipe

2. 2″X1″ rectangular pipe

3. Tension spring

4. Plastic strap for weaving

5. M8 bolt

6. Few bar pieces of 1⁄4″ thickness and 11⁄2″ width

7. 3⁄4″ diameter rod for making bushing.

Tools used

Following are the tools and equipment I used for making this bed

1. Welding set

2. M8 thread tap

3. Tap handle

4. Drill bit and drill machine

5. Angle grinder with a cut off wheel and grinding wheel.

6. Chop saw

7. Measuring tape

8. Sawhorses

9. Speed Square

10. Combination Square

Step 1: ​Material Cutting

I don’t know whether it is a good point or bad but I usually not made any drawings of those sorts of builds unless I even have to try to to an accurate work like building some machine or working onto CNC. For this type of labor , I just made design in my head and follow that style . Most of the time it always works but sometimes it isn’t but glad this is often not that build, so that’s why there’s no design part for this bed. For the cutting of fabric i’m using my trusty chop saw and first of all, I started the cutting of inside pieces which onto which the strap goes to be wrapped. and therefore the reason for creating a double-sided frame is that it’ll provide strength and also protects that wrap from wiped out . But one thing is to require care is that if you kept these beds for an extended time within the Direct sunlight of Summer they’re completely wiped out regardless of whether you employ them or not. So after lowering the within frame piece, I provided a niche of 1⁄4″ from both side then cut the pieces from 1×2 pipe. and therefore the reason for providing that gap is merely to supply enough room for that strap to pass in between those pipes. just like the mainframe, I also hamper the pieces for the legs and also for the support structure for the center of the frame which helps the frame from buckling inside if someone sits over the bed. the method for the legs isn’t as easy because the mainframe. There are a few of things which may create problems within the bed thanks to legs. If I attached the legs during a vertical position and since they’re made in foldable position and if someone sits onto them then and tried to vary his/her position the legs folded which might give some injury. therefore the only way avoids this thing is to form legs at an angle in order that it becomes impossible for them to return on its original position if someone is sitting over them or trying to vary his position. So there’s an easy formula I made is that your slant height of the legs isn’t quite the 1⁄4 of your total bed length. Suppose your bed length is 72″ and 1⁄4 of this length is 18″ therefore the total length of your leg is 18″ or slightly but that. This formula is predicated on a condition is that if you’re attaching the legs at a distance of 18″ from both ends and if you folded them inward they only barely kiss one another . Otherwise, if you did not have any problem if they overlap one another during the folding process than you’ll increase the slant height of the leg on the other hand the planning doesn’t look that good.

Step 2: ​Chamfering & Welding the Main Frame

Before starting any welding project chamfering is that the basic a part of that build and it helps to supply a stronger joint between two bodies. So I chamfer these piece with 120 grit flap disk and prepared them for the weld. For welding the mainframe I first lay my sawhorses then to extend the area I lay some pieces over the sawhorse. then place the 1×1 square pipe pieces over that then start the squaring process. Squaring the frame is are often easily through with speed square or try square but the matter with them is that they’re shortly enough to supply a square joint for the pipes. therein case, i exploit the diagonal method to face up the frame and that i think this may provide far more accuracy than that. then , I just made a couple of tacks then start the welding process of this frame. Then to supply an equal gap for the second frame i exploit some pieces of 1⁄4″ thick bar then weld them at fixed intervals in order that it’ll provide equal space between both the inner and outer frame. Then it is vital to tyrannize the welds and make it completely flush because for subsequent frame we’d like a reference from the inner frame. Then it is time to weld the second pipe round the perimeter of the inner frame and for that, if the inner frame is within the square then there’s no need for squaring up again. Then I just tack the surface pieces along side the frame and starts the weld. During the weld, I found that the one side is slightly bowed inward so to get rid of that I even have to alight some pieces under the frame. then clamped it from all side in order that it remains completely flushed until the tack welds completed. Then the ultimate work is to finish the weld joints.

Step 3: ​Constructing the Middle Brace.

So the middle brace is a crucial part in providing stiffness to the present whole structure because if someone lay on the bed then this piece goes to stop the entire frame from collapsing. And for this, i’m using one by one square tube. The dimension of the center brace doesn’t play a crucial role within the bed so you’ll choose whatever design you would like but one thing you would like to stay in mind is that the space from the highest of the bed to the the rock bottom a part of the structure is around 5 to six inches. In my case, i’m going with 6 inches distance. Constructing the brace may be a pretty easy process, first of all, you’ve got to mark the centre onto the mainframe and also onto the longer pipe. then mark the space that how deep you would like your brace from the highest you’ll make a mark on to the sidearm. Thereafter measure the diagonal distance from longer pipe to the purpose which you marked onto the sidearm for the reference earlier. Now hamper that length in order that you’ll weld it. For the joinery you’ll do two things, either hamper the equal angle on both the pieces then weld them otherwise you can just make a mark on one side and cut it consistent with that which I did in my case. Just place two-piece overlapping one another then trace the outline. For this method, you would like to chop just one piece and therefore the joint is prepared for the weld but Before that, i want to chop the ends at an angle which is 45°. Then I mark the centre onto the mainframe and weld this brace to its position.

Step 4: ​Constructing the Legs

So this part may be a little tricky to try to to on behalf of me because during the cutting process there are some small pieces left which are the tiny section within the legs. For my bed i made a decision to kept bed height around 18″ and that i planned to create bent legs. So I hamper two different pieces one is 15″ long and other is 7″ long. to hitch these pieces together in order that they’re going to provide a height of 18″ I made a layout on my workbench and clamped down some end stops. Now i do know that i want a height of 18″ so I made some marks onto the table where i want to place long pieces and where to put the shorter piece. Then I start the marking process and in my case, i want marking on both the edges and to mapped out that problem I made a template which can ease my work. With an equivalent setup, I just placed a bit of cardboard between two overlapped pieces then draw the layout onto the leg and cut it with the angle grinder. just like the middle brace, I again use an equivalent technique in order that I even have to chop one piece only. Once you’ve got made a template from the setup you not need that setup. Now the template is your main key. And this is often the primary time I do that joining method. Earlier days I wont to cut an equivalent angle on both pieces then weld them together, but sometimes I lost that angle because it’s hard to repeat an equivalent angle again and again on both pieces and a small change in degrees changes the entire outcome. But this process is far better and that i found that the error is additionally reduced to some extent. The marking on each side isn’t necessary if you’ve got a metal band saw. Since i do not have that and that i am getting to use the angle grinder to chop the surplus portion that’s why i want the marking on to each side . From thereafter i will be able to the pieces together grind them and leg is prepared to be installed.

Step 5: ​Mounting Bracket for Legs

Once the legs are constructed i want a bracket onto which I can mount them and bracket is wide enough that the leg can easily move inside that. For that, i’m going with three-part construction. the center part is kept a small bit larger than the thickness of the pipe which is around 1 inch. in order that pipe are often easily moved inside that u bracket. Once I made the bracket I marked the situation onto the bed and therefore the location must be kept around 1⁄4 of the entire length of the bed from the ends and each time you made a mark for the bracket to mount you’ve got to live 1⁄4 of the entire length of the bed from the closest end. After marking I made a tack weld and check the position. The bracket was out of square so I set it again and made a final weld to secure it. During the welding of that, u bracket confirm that you simply are conscious of that orientation. the center piece within the bracket must face towards the closest end. Image clears you far better what i’m talking about.

Step 6: ​Constructing the Pivot Legs.

To construct the pivot legs you need two things rounded end and a pivot point. First with the the help of 2″ round pipe I made a semi-circle onto the end and then cut it with the help of angle grinder. Make sure to mark the location of the hole before making a rounded edge. Then I drilled the hole to the marked location and to provide some strength to that area I welded a piece of round rod inside that and then with the reference of that previously drilled hole made a through-hole inside that bushing.

Step 7: ​Attaching the Legs Together

To attach the legs with the mainframe I first clamped it with the bracket and set it to my required height and that i found that it sets what I exactly needed for my design. To mount them into the bracket I measure the purpose onto the bracket which is 3⁄4″ from each side then I centre punch and drilled a hole to make a pivot point and these holes i’m getting to tap with M8 thread tap. The holes into the legs are drilled 9mm. By doing this I can move the leg inside that bracket. But to maneuver it up to the top i want to chop down backside bit and for that, I do trial and error method. hamper a touch bit then check back then repeat again and again until i buy the specified height. Then I measure that cut and transfer it onto all the remaining 3 brackets. Then I install the legs and made a pair for every side in order that if they rotate both legs rotates simultaneously.

Step 8: ​Attaching the Spring.

Spring is a crucial a part of this whole build. It helps to stop legs moving outward or inward because it kept them in tension and if you placed the bed vertically then you’ll notice that one leg remains during a downward position and this is often not getting to open but another leg-mounted against gravity and it’ll fall out if you’re not getting to install the spring. the proper thanks to install this is often that the holding point which lies onto the bed remain faraway from the centre. The one to the leg is placed within the centre. Then tension is kept consistent with the spring you’re using. More the strain more are going to be the stiffness. But I highly recommend to kept tension high. One is usually better than two that’s why I installed them on all the 4 sides of the legs.

Step 9: ​Painting

After that, I made two coats of black over the entire surface. I found that if you thin down the paint a little bit then it provides you with much coverage and also cures a lot much Faster. For oil paints, I always use turpentine oil to thin it a little bit and I usually kept a ratio of 4:1(4 part paint and 1 part oil)

Step 10: ​Weaving

This is the time-consuming a part of this build. I even have to try to to an equivalent thing again and again and sometimes this job bored me tons . I never did this process but saw someone doing that. So to weave the strap I first chose the long side. then wrap the strap to the inner pipe which is 1×1. Once the wrapping on one side completed I hamper the strap slightly longer then secure it’s one end by sewing. this may help to tighten the cage once it’s finished. For the second weave, the method is small different and for that, there’s a basic funda is that if you entered from the highest of a strap then for subsequent line you go from rock bottom then from the highest then from rock bottom and repeat this continuously. Always confirm to stay your eye onto the pattern because a while it slips which makes an enormous mess. it isn’t getting to affect the structural strength but it’s getting to affect the design of your bed. During up and down movement confirm that for subsequent row it must be opposite to the previous row pattern in terms of ups and downs. this is often the straightforward thanks to find the flaw within the weaving. within the starting you do not got to keep the strap tight but once you finished then secure one end then start stretching them row by row then secure the last end by sewing. Now your bed is prepared to put where ever you would like the general weight is around 19.7kg which may be a little heavier than what people sell here but the one I made is far stronger.

Step 11: Take a Sleep and Enjoy

If I personally give my opinion then I really love this bed and the one main reason is that I himself like to sleep on to this kind on the bed. Overall said a 20Kg of bed is capable of bearing a weight around 220 kg, which I think is bang on. Tell me what you think

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